The Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North (RAIPON) is the Russian umbrella organization which organizes 35 regional and ethnic organizations of indigenous peoples in the 25 regions where they live. RAIPON represents 41 groups of Indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East. The total number of people is about 300 thousand and they live in 60 % of the whole territory of the Russian Federation from Murmansk to Kamchatka.

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The Saami Council was founded in 1956, making it one of the oldest indigenous peoples’ organizations. The Saami Council is a volunteer-based and independent cultural and political cooperation organization for Saami organizations in Finland, Norway, Russia and Sweden. The Saami Council is a non-governmental organization. 

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The Permanent Participant (PP) organizations are a unique feature of the Arctic Council. They give indigenous peoples the opportunity to make valuable contributions to the Arctic Council's activities. The PPs have full consultation rights in connection with the Council’s negotiations and decisions. Delegates from the PP organizations attend the Arctic Council meetings and sit at the table together with the Member state and Working group and task force delegates.

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