Председательство Исландии (2019-2021 гг.)

Гудлаугур Тор Тордарсон

Министр иностранных дел Исландии

"Тесное сотрудничество со всеми партнерами, как в пределах, так и за пределами региона, чрезвычайно важно для процветания и безопасности Арктики. Конфликтные моменты, которые могут возникнуть в результате расширения доступа в Арктику, делают вклад Совета в продвижение устойчивого развития в регионе все более актуальным.

Я действительно верю, что активный диалог, основанный на современных научных достижениях, осуществляемый посредством динамичного сотрудничества между нашими странами и организациями, является оптимальным путем к конструктивному развитию Арктического совета".

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Вместе навстречу устойчивой Арктике

Арктическая морская среда

Арктическая морская среда

Во время своего председательства Исландия будет широко освещать проблему загрязнения арктической морской среды пластиком, опираясь на результаты первого камерального исследования, посвященного морскому мусору в Арктике. Арктический совет будет работать над созданием Регионального плана действий по сокращению объема морского мусора, в том числе и микропластика, а также предпринимать усилия по мониторингу и ограничению его воздействия.

Инновационные методы оптимизации использования морских биоресурсов могут иметь значительный потенциал для обеспечения устойчивого экономического роста в прибрежных общинах. Исландия ведет разработку концепции проекта «Морские биотехнологии в Арктике» («Голубая биоэкономика в Арктике»), в рамках которого будут изучены возможности повышения экономической ценности морепродуктов.

Исландия будет продолжать содействовать безопасному и устойчивому судоходству в Арктике. В условиях интенсификации судоходства и других видов морской деятельности крайне важно поддерживать тесное и эффективное сотрудничество между арктическими государствами в области поиска и спасания, а также предупреждения аварийных ситуаций, обеспечения готовности и реагирования. Циркумполярное сотрудничество в области метеорологии и океанографии также способствует повышению безопасности на море и должно развиваться в содружестве с Всемирной Метеорологической Организацией.

Решения в области климата и зелёной энергетики

Решения в области климата и зелёной энергетики

Важность выстраивания климатической политики с опорой на прочный научный фундамент невозможно переоценить. Арктический совет продолжит наблюдение и оценку воздействия климата на морские, пресноводные и наземные экосистемы Арктики, и к Министерской сессии 2021 года, которая состоится в Рейкьявике, будет подготовлен доклад с обновленными данными по изменению климата в Арктике.

Основываясь на результатах работы Экспертной группы по черному углероду и метану, Арктический совет продолжит усилия по выявлению возможностей для сокращения выбросов короткоживущих климатических загрязнителей. Прогресс в этой области может помочь замедлить текущие темпы изменений в Арктике, пока ведется работа по снижению долгосрочных последствий.

Следует поощрять разработку и использование практических решений в области зелёной энергетики в Арктическом регионе, что позволит общинам сократить объёмы выбросов и улучшить качество воздуха. В 2019-2021 годах будет продолжаться работа в рамках проектов, способствующих обмену знаниями и переходу небольших и отдалённых арктических общин на устойчивую энергетику.

Население и общины Арктики

Население и общины Арктики

Инициативы, направленные на улучшение благосостояния примерно четырех миллионов человек, проживающих в регионе, будут по-прежнему занимать центральное место в работе Арктического совета. Северные общины уже сталкиваются с проблемами, возникающими в результате воздействия изменения климата, что подчеркивает необходимость мер по повышению жизнеспособности и облегчению адаптации.

Новые экономические возможности, в том числе в сфере судоходства и туризма, могут способствовать росту и процветанию арктических общин, если они будут реализовываться на устойчивой основе. Охрана окружающей среды и социальная интеграция всегда должны идти рука об руку с экономическим развитием.

Надежная и доступная связь необходима для жителей Арктики, чтобы они могли пользоваться благами цифровой экономики и возможностями, открывающимися благодаря цифровым услугам. Как страна-председатель Исландия хочет продолжить целенаправленную работу по улучшению качества связи в тесном сотрудничестве с Арктическим экономическим советом, опираясь на результаты предпринятых усилий по выявлению потребностей, пробелов и решений.

Гендерное равенство является важным элементом для достижения устойчивого развития. Исландия продолжит руководство проектом, направленным на содействие диалогу по вопросам гендерного равенства в Арктике и на укрепление сети экспертов и заинтересованных сторон в этой области.

Укрепление Арктического совета

Укрепление Арктического совета

Председательство Исландии будет стремиться поддерживать конструктивное сотрудничество, которое всегда было сильной стороной Арктического совета. Обстоятельные консультации между государствами-членами и Постоянными участниками должны продолжаться, также следует изучить новые возможности для взаимовыгодного сотрудничества с наблюдателями.

Исландия хочет укрепить сотрудничество между Арктическим советом и Арктическим экономическим советом, руководствуясь новым Меморандумом о взаимопонимании и общей целью, заключающейся в содействии ответственному экономическому развитию.

Icelandic Chairmanship News

  • Together towards a sustainable Arctic in Hveragerði

    First Senior Arctic Officials’ plenary meeting during Iceland’s Chairmanship of the Arctic Council places emphasis on people and communities

    On 20-21 November 2019, the Arctic Council will gather in Hveragerði, Iceland, for the first Senior Arctic Officials’ plenary meeting during the Chairmanship of Iceland (2019-2021). The meeting will focus on work related to People and Communities of the Arctic. Iceland puts an emphasis on cooperation between all entities of the Council – reflecting the Chairmanship’s overarching theme: Together towards a sustainable Arctic.

  • Arctic Crossroads

    Editorial by Ambassador Einar Gunnarsson, Chair of the Senior Arctic Officials


    Reflecting back on the first ever joint meeting of the Arctic Economic Council and the Arctic Council earlier this month I can honestly say it left a mark on me. It left me feeling inspired to do more. And I think that was the general mood of the meeting: An appetite for more. For more dialogue, more understanding, more collaboration. And that inspires optimism and a feeling that we are on to something. Something new, exciting and, what is most important: Something sensible.

  • The Arctic Blue Bioeconomy – A driver for growth

    Sustainable use and increasing the value of goods produced from biological aquatic resources plays an important role for driving sustainable economic growth in the Artic - particularly for development in coastal and rural communities. This is what we call the blue bioeconomy. Put simply, it is about sustainably maximising the value and use of aquatic bioresources, producing food, feed, bio-products and bioenergy. The main drivers behind the development of the blue bioeconomy are research and development, innovation and knowledge transfer.

  • Gender Equality in the Arctic

    Gender Equality in the Arctic (GEA) is a project of the Arctic Council’s Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG). The project focuses on gender equality with an emphasis on diversity in terms of discourses, Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples, governance, education, economies, and social realities. The GEA project strives to contribute to sustainability and balanced participation in leadership and decision making both in the public and private sectors.

  • Seal trapped in fishing net

    First International Symposium on Arctic and Sub-Arctic Plastics

    A new International Symposium on Plastics in the Arctic and Sub-Arctic will bring together experts on marine plastics to share new and emerging knowledge and best practices. 

    The symposium will bring together experts on marine plastics to share knowledge and best practices, with the ultimate goal to feed into the Arctic Council’s regional action plan for the Arctic.

    When: 21-23 April, 2020
    Where: Reykjavík, Iceland
    Key dates:

    • 1 November 2019 - Early bird registration ends
    • 1 December 2019 - Abstract submission deadline
    • 15 January 2020 - Acceptance of abstracts finalized
    • 1 February 2020 - Program finalized; End of registration

    Learn more and register here.

    Iceland holds the Chairmanship of the Arctic Council from May 2019 to May 2021 and the Presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2019. In both roles, the Icelandic Government is focused on the ocean, and particularly on the fight against plastic in the marine environment.

    Therefore, the Government of Iceland has decided to host the first International Symposium on Plastics in the Arctic and Sub-Arctic in collaboration with the Nordic Council of Ministers in connection with the Icelandic Chairmanship of the Arctic Council. On behalf of the government of Iceland, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Ministry for the Environment and Natural Resources, and the Ministry of Industries and Innovation are responsible for the preparation of the Symposium.

    Sponsors of the symposium are the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the OSPAR Commission, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC), the Marine and Freshwater Research Institute of Iceland, the Harvard Kennedy School and the International Arctic Science Committee.

     

  • Arctic Council to host side event at the 2019 Our Ocean Conference

    The Arctic Council will host a side event at this year’s Our Ocean conference in Oslo on 23 October. The side event is themed “A Cleaner Arctic Marine Environment – Battling Marine Debris in the Arctic” and is organized jointly with the Icelandic Ministry for Foreign Affairs and two of the Council’s Working Groups: the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme and the Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment Working Group.

  • First joint meeting between the Arctic Council and the Arctic Economic Council

    The Arctic Council and the Arctic Economic Council hold their first joint meeting in Reykjavik today, 9 October 2019, bringing together government representatives of the eight Arctic States, business representatives, as well as representatives of the indigenous Permanent Participants, and the Councils’ respective Working Groups. The meeting is a step towards enhancing cooperation and collaboration between the Arctic Council and the Arctic Economic Council, as outlined in a Memorandum of Understanding the secretariats of both Councils signed last May. The discussions in Reykjavik will focus on subject areas of common interest, such as marine transportation and blue economy, telecommunications connectivity, responsible resource development and mainstreaming biodiversity, as well as on responsible investments and corporate social responsibility.

  • Arctic Circle Assembly: Arctic Council Working Groups’ and Permanent Participants’ panels, breakout sessions and events

    Several Arctic Council Working Groups and Indigenous peoples organizations holding Permanent Participant status in the Council are hosting side events at this year’s Arctic Circle Assembly in Reykjavik. See an overview below.

  • Building knowledge and confidence in the Arctic

    Editorial by Ambassador Einar Gunnarsson, Chair of the Senior Arctic Officials


    As we learn more about the challenges we face in the Arctic, it becomes clearer by the day that collaboration with partners outside the region is needed in order to effectively tackle them. What is more, non-Arctic states around the globe are waking up to the fact that what happens in and to the Arctic has direct and widespread effects on them.

  • Planning for a greener Arctic future

    The Arctic Community Energy Planning and Implementation Toolkit

    Arctic winters tend to be long and, in many places, extremely cold. Energy use in Arctic communities therefore can be very high, making reliable and affordable electricity and heating a priority. Today, many Arctic communities rely almost exclusively on fossil fuels for electricity, heating and transportation. These fuels can come from local sources or be shipped in by land, sea, or air – and those transportation methods bring still more challenges and costs. Thus, there is a growing need, desire, and opportunity for communities to develop clean energy projects.

  • Increased warming pushing Arctic freshwater ecosystems to the brink

    The Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Working Group has released the first circumpolar assessment of freshwater biodiversity across the Arctic. The State of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Report, which was presented to Ministers at the Rovaniemi Ministerial meeting in May 2019, provides a synthesis of the state of knowledge about biodiversity in Arctic freshwater ecosystems (e.g., lakes, rivers, and associated wetlands). It finds that Arctic lakes and rivers are losing the ability to sustain their current level and diversity of Arctic freshwater species.

  • PAME releases first ‘plastic in a bottle’

    The Arctic Council’s Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME) Working Group launched the first bottle equipped with a GPS transmitter into the Atlantic on 12 September 2019. Called “plastic in a bottle”, the capsule will simulate how marine litter and plastics travel far distances into and out of Arctic waters. The collected data will serve as an outreach tool to create awareness around the growing concerns on marine litter in the Arctic. This first plastic in a bottle was sent off from the Reykjanes peninsula by Guðmundur Ingi Guðbrandsson, Iceland’s Minister for the Environment and Natural Resources from the Icelandic Coast Guard vessel Thor in conjunction with the PAME Working Group meeting in Reykjavík. Iceland currently holds the Chairmanship of the Arctic Council until 2021 and places a special focus on marine litter and plastics in the Arctic.

  • A source for Arctic optimism: The Blue Bioeconomy

    Editorial by Ambassador Einar Gunnarsson, Chair of the Senior Arctic Officials


    The blue bioeconomy is and will be a major contributor to achieving sustainable development in the Arctic and beyond. The term “blue bioeconomy” refers to innovation potentials in utilizing and creating new marine products with the help of new unconventional processing methods. It is therefore also one of today’s main sources for great optimism for our region, especially given the Arctic Council’s specific focus on sustainable development and environmental protection.

  • Put into reality: EPPR looks into the VIKING SKY incident

    At its first Working Group meeting during the Icelandic Chairmanship, the Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR) Working Group held a workshop on the VIKING SKY incident – a cruise liner that got into distress off the Southern Norwegian coast. Authorities involved in the rescue operation in March 2019 shared their experiences and lessons learned with EPPR delegates. Quickly the questions arose: How would this incident have played out in the high Arctic?

  • Interview with Magnús Jóhannesson, the Special Coordinator on Plastics

    Magnús Jóhannesson is the Council’s designated special coordinator on plastics, marine litter. In this interview, the former Director of the Arctic Council Secretariat speaks about the plastics issue in the Arctic, the Arctic Council’s efforts to tackle the issue and his new role within the Icelandic Chairmanship team.

  • Interview with SDWG Chair Stefán Skjaldarson

    Stefán Skjaldarson is the new Chair of the Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG). Growing up in one of the most remote parts of northeast Iceland, he got to know the scarcities of an Arctic childhood until education and eventually his work in the Foreign Service of Iceland drew him out into the world. Chairing SDWG is a return to the Arctic Council for Stefán Skjaldarson. He was involved in the Rovaniemi Process – a forerunner of today’s Council – and took part in the preparatory meetings for establishing the Arctic Council. In this brief interview, he speaks about experiences and inspiration guiding his work for SDWG over the coming years.

  • First meeting during Iceland's Arctic Council Chairmanship

    On 18-19 June 2019, Arctic Council delegates gathered in Reykjanesbær, Iceland, for the first Senior Arctic Officials’ executive meeting during the Chairmanship of Iceland (2019-2021). Amongst other things, the Senior Arctic Officials, joined by the Permanent Participants and representatives of the Council’s Working Groups, discussed initiatives falling under Iceland’s priority themes.

  • Towards an international symposium on plastics in the Arctic

    In April 2020, the Icelandic government and the Nordic Council of Ministers will host an International Symposium on the Threat of Plastics to the Arctic and Sub-Arctic Marine Environment. The aim of the symposium is to gather the best available knowledge on plastics in the Arctic and to find solutions for tackling the issue. Registration is already possible and the call for abstracts will open on 1 July 2019.

  • Arctic Council Ministers meet, pass Chairmanship from Finland to Iceland, Arctic States conclude Arctic Council Ministerial meeting by signing a joint statement

    At the 11th Arctic Council Ministerial meeting in Rovaniemi, Finland, Ministers of the eight Arctic States, leaders from the six indigenous Permanent Participant organizations and the Chairs of the six Working Groups of the Arctic Council met to mark the passing of the Chairmanship from Finland to Iceland. In the Rovaniemi Joint Ministerial Statement, the Arctic States reaffirmed the Council’s commitment to maintain the Arctic as a region of peace, stability and constructive cooperation. Additionally, Finland’s Foreign Minister Timo Soini released a Chair’s statement, summarizing the Council’s achievements and giving guidance for the next two years. The International Maritime Organization was accredited as a new Observer.